…………is pleasure to look at another person as an erotic object.

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Dr. Pragya Gupta

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Q. __________is pleasure to look at another person as an erotic object. (December 2023, UGC NET)

1. Ego libido

2. Vertigo

3. Scopophilic instinct

4. Vicissitude

Correct Ans: (3)


The scopophilic instinct, also known as scopophilia or voyeurism, is deeply rooted in human psychology, particularly in psychoanalytic theory. It refers to the innate pleasure derived from looking, especially in a sexual or erotic context. When individuals experience gratification or fascination from visually consuming images portraying others as objects of desire, they are exhibiting the scopophilic instinct. This concept is pertinent to understanding human behavior, particularly in relation to visual stimuli and attraction.

Ego libido: Ego libido, derived from Freudian psychoanalytic theory, pertains to the psychic energy directed towards oneself, encompassing self-love, self-esteem, and self-preservation instincts.

Vertigo: Vertigo is a physiological sensation characterized by dizziness, spinning, or instability, typically triggered by disturbances in the body’s equilibrium or visual perception.

Vicissitude: Vicissitude refers to the natural changes or fluctuations that occur in life, circumstances, or conditions. Vicissitude is a broad concept pertinent to the dynamics of life and change.

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