Match the following- Series 5- Development Communication (Authors and Concepts/Terms)

Keywords- EF Schumacher, Julius Nyrere, Mahatma Gandhi, Robert Hornik

It is already solved questions and this match the following question is related with authors and their idea which were asked in previous paper of UGC-NET exams (Journalism and Mass Communication). It contains authors like ‘EF Schumacher, Julius Nyrere, Mahatma Gandhi, Robert Hornik’ and their concepts on ‘Intermediate technology, Popular Participation in development, Basic needs fulfilment, Change in power relations for development’. Match the following question with short explanation is designed in order to make you understand better. So that you do not need to go to other places for search.

S. no. Authors Concept/Terms
1. EF Schumacher Intermediate technology
2. Julius Nyrere Popular Participation in development
3. Mahatma Gandhi Basic needs fulfillment
4. Robert Hornik Change in power relations for development


E.F Schumacher

  • Ernst Friedrich Schumacher was a German statistician and economist who is best known for his proposals for human-scale, decentralized and appropriate technologies1
  • He developed the concepts of “intermediate technology” and “small is beautiful.” 
  • Practical Action (previously known as Intermediate Technology Development Group, ITDG ) is development charity registered in the United Kingdom2.
  • He published A Guide for the Perplexedas a critique of materialistic scientism2.

Julius Nyree2

  • Julius Kambarage Nyerere was a Tanzanian anti-colonial activist, politician, and political theorist. 
  • He promoted a political philosophy known as Ujamaa (social and economic development policies in Tanzania).
  • The article “A Very Real War”:Popular participation in Development in Tanzania during the 1950’s and 1960’s on Julius Nyerere.

Mahatma Gandhi

  • Mahatma Gandhi was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British colonial rule4.
  • Gandhi ji is known as the Father of the Nation4.
  • Mahatma Gandhi won his first battle of civil disobedience in India at Champaran.
  • Despite his belief in Hinduism, Gandhi was also critical of many of the social practices of Hindus and sought to reform the religion5.
  1. wikipedia

About JMC Study Hub

About JMC Sahitya

JMC Study Hub is India’s first largest and dedicated learning platform of Journalism and Mass Communication. 

Email :

Latest Post
Latest Video

Subscribe to Our Newsletter

Quick Revision

Want to crack UGC-NET Exam?

Courses out for June 2024 Exam.

Hurry up now.

Open chat
Ned help ?
Hello, welcome to “JMC Study Hub”. How can we assist you?