Content developed by Yash Tiwari\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\nThe sub-editor who\nplays a key\nrole in the\nediting process has been described as the midwife to the story,\nthe most useful\nperson in the newspaper.\n\n\n\nThe various steps involved\nin the editing process are briefly explained below. Since editing is carried\nout by sub-editors at the desk,\nthe following steps\nare basically their responsibilities.\n\n\n\n1. Ensuring accuracy\n\n\n\nGood reporting is a key ingredient in ensuring accuracy. Sub-editors ensure accuracy by checking and rechecking the\nfacts and if needed they\nwould seek clarifications from the reporters. Carelessness can\nlead to blunders and embarrassing mistakes.\n\n\n\n2. Trimming unnecessary words\n\n\n\nUnnecessary words, adjectives, and adverbs should be not used. If an event is very interesting, it is sufficient to say it is interesting.\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n3. Protecting and polishing the language\n\n\n\nEditing involves polishing the language. An editor should\nhave knowledge of grammar and language usages.\nHe plays a major role in protecting the language against abuse. People\nat the desk should know\nhow to spell,\nto reorganize and clarify passages and protect the meaning of words. It\ncontributes to better\ncommunication of ideas.\n\n\n\n4. Correcting inconsistencies\n\n\n\nInconsistencies within the story should be\ndetected and corrected. Inconsistencies in the story can confuse the reader.\n\n\n\n5. Making the story conform to the style\n\n\n\nThe word \u2018style\u2019 in newspaper jargon refers to the consistency provided by rules of usage in a newspaper. Rules of style to avoid inconsistencies that would annoy the reader. The style gives the newspaper a sense of consistency that would be absent if goodbye were used in one story and goodby in the next.\n\n\n\n6. Eliminating libelous statements\n\n\n\nLibel is written\ndefamation. The sub-editor must\nknow the libel\nlaws of the country. Libelous\/ defamatory statements should\nbe eliminated. It is the duty\nof the sub-editor to ensure that the stories\nare free from such statements.\n\n\n\n7. Eliminating passages in poor taste\n\n\n\nSome newspapers have policies banning profanity of any type.\nOthers permit the use of some words\nbut not others.\nFor example, reputed\nnewspapers by convention will not publish the victim\u2019s names\nand other identities in a story on rape.\n\n\n\n8. Make the story readable and complete\n\n\n\nA story that is readable and complete has the following characteristics.\n\n\n\n\nIt should be precise and clear.It has a pace appropriate to the contentIt uses transitional devices that lead the reader from one thought to the next.It appeals to the reader\u2019s senses.\n\n\n\n\n9. Writing attractive headlines\n\n\n\nWrite a headline that attracts the reader\u2019s attention, summarises the story, depicts the mood of the story\nand helps the\ntone of the newspaper.\n\n\n\n10. Editing pictures and designing pages\n\n\n\nAn important step in the editing process\nis the packaging of news stories\non a page. Designing the page helps\nthe reader to read faster\nand read more\nof what is written.