Legal Terms\n \n Related Terms\n \n Defamation\n \n Slander\n \n FIR\n \n Police\n \n Contempt\n \n \n Court\n \n Sedition\n \n Country\n \n\n\n\nExplanation-Series 16\n\n\n\nKeywords\u2013 Defamation, FIR, Contempt, Sedition, Slander, court.\n\n\n\nDefamation\n\n\n\nDefamation is injuring the reputation of a person\nin front of a third party.If defamation happens through spoken words or\ngestures, it is termed Slander and if it takes place in a written format it is\ncalled libel.In India, definition is covered by both the\ncriminal law and the Civil law. While criminal law is well codified in IPC, the\nCivil law of defamation is not so well codified is derived from English common\nlaw.According to Section 499 of the IPC, defamation\nmay be by words, either spoken or intended to be read, or by signs or visible\nrepresentation.\n\n\n\nFIR\n\n\n\nFirst information report is a written document\nprepared by police organization.An information given under sub-sec (1) of\nsection 154 of CrPC (codes of criminal procedure) 1973 is commonly known as\nFIR.\n\n\n\nContempt of court 19711\n\n\n\nThe Contempt of courts Act 1971 gave effect to the\naccepted recommendations of the \u2018Sanyal committee 1961\u2019.\n\n\n\nSection 2 (a) - 'Contempt of Court' means\ncivil contempt or criminal contempt.Section 2 (b)- 'Civil contempt' means\nwillful disobedience to any Judgment, decree, direction, order, writ or other\nprocess of a court or willful breach of an undertaking given to a court.Section 2 (c) - 'criminal contempt' means\nthe publication (weather by words, spoken or written, or by signs, or by\nvisible representation) of any matter.\n\n\n\nSedition\n\n\n\nSedition is the illegal act of inciting people\nto resist on rebel against the government in power.Sedition 124-A is the Indian Penal Code,\nnamed \u2018Sedition\u2019.The Crime of saying, writing or doing something\nthat encourages people to disobey their government.The law was originally drafted by Thomas\nMacaualy.Example- In the Year 2014, some of the\nKashmir students were charged with the sedition for supporting Pakistan in a\ncricket match between India and Pakistan.Sedition is the illegal act of inciting people\nto resist or rebel against the govt. in power.\n\n\n\nReference\n\n\n\nNeelamalar, M. (2017). Media law and ethics. New Delhi: PHI Learning Private Limited.