a) Period Cinema: Refers to a genre of movies that are set in a particular historical period and are known for their attention to detail and accuracy in depicting the culture, fashion, and style of that time. Examples of period cinema include movies like “Pride and Prejudice” or “The King’s Speech”. “Padmaavat” (2018) directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali, is a period drama film set in 13th-century India. The movie is known for its elaborate sets, costumes, and attention to detail in depicting the culture and traditions of the time.
b.) Period Piece: It is similar to period cinema. A period piece can refer to literature, theater, or art as well as movies. “Lagaan” (2001) directed by Ashutosh Gowariker, is a period piece set in the 1890s during British colonial rule in India. The movie is known for its accurate portrayal of Indian village life and the struggles of the peasants against oppressive colonial taxation.
c) Non-fiction: Non-fiction refers to any work of art or literature that is based on facts and real-life events. This can include biographies, memoirs, historical accounts, documentaries, and news stories. “Dangal” (2016) directed by Nitesh Tiwari, is a biographical sports drama film based on the real-life story of wrestler Mahavir Singh Phogat and his daughters Geeta and Babita, who went on to win medals in wrestling for India.
d) Documentary: A documentary is a non-fiction film that presents factual information about a particular subject, often with the purpose of educating or informing the audience. Documentaries can cover a wide range of topics, from social issues and politics to nature and science. They often feature interviews, archival footage, and narration to convey information and tell a story. “India’s Daughter” (2015) directed by Leslee Udwin, is a documentary film that explores the 2012 Delhi gang rape case and the broader issue of violence against women in India. The film features interviews with the victim’s family, lawyers, and activists, and sparked a national conversation about gender-based violence.
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